Gingival Biotype

Gingival Biotype

Module Overview


Dr. Sonia Leziy (Course track: implants and tissue grafting)

Dr. Sonia Leziy (Course track: Alloderm: recession and biotype in the natural dentition)

Dr. Sonia Leziy and Dr. Priscilla Walsh (connective tissue grafts: recession and biotype in the natural dentition)

Module Format

Lecture, live demonstration cases, and hands-on graft harvesting and suturing techniques on pig-jaws.


Course handout.


Managing tissue quality in both the natural dentition and around dental implants is fundamentally important for aesthetics and for long-term tissue health and stability. While free gingival grafts were routinely used in the past, the less than ideal aesthetic outcome of this treatment approach is clear. Connective tissue grafts and dermal allografts now play an important and growing role in the periodontal field and in implant treatment. These modules are designed to teach the participant why microsurgical connective tissue or dermal grafts are used today, and will illustrate the procedural steps to create natural-looking and enhanced soft tissue stability and health.

Grafting for teeth: these modules will explore microsurgical treatment using Alloderm or connective tissue grafts to treat recession and to alter thin gingival biotypes/phenotypes. Regardless of level of experience, participants will gain a clear understanding of:

  • Predicting root coverage that can be achieved prior to treatment;
  • Recipient site preparation;
  • Graft procurement from the palate or tuberosity;
  • Dermal graft handling and preparation;
  • Graft adaptation in the recipient site;
  • Surgical instruments, sutures and suturing techniques;
  • Discussion on post-surgical complications and their management will be discussed.

Grafting and  implants: this will be included in the surgical and restorative track module. Many of the principles and techniques that are covered in the grafting module for the natural dentition described above will apply to the implant track.